Recently, aminer, the platform of scientific and technological information big data mining and service system of Tsinghua University, released the artificial intelligence development report 2011-2020, which expounds the important achievements of artificial intelligence in the past decade and discusses the future development prospect and blueprint of artificial intelligence. Including this, a number of artificial intelligence research reports have aroused widespread concern in the industry.
Experts said that as one of the strategic technologies and important driving forces leading the new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial change, artificial intelligence is reshaping the mode of production, optimizing the industrial structure, improving production efficiency, enabling thousands of industries, and accelerating the leap towards intelligence in all fields of economy and society.
Multiple policy support
The AI development report 2011-2020 said that in the past decade, the global AI has developed rapidly. Some countries, including China, have strategically placed artificial intelligence and strengthened top-level design and talent training.
China attaches great importance to the development of artificial intelligence. In 2015, the guiding opinions of the State Council on actively promoting the "Internet +" action proposed to accelerate the breakthrough of artificial intelligence core technology and promote the application of artificial intelligence in smart homes, smart terminals, smart cars
Promotion in other fields
In recent years, China has issued a series of policies to support the development of artificial intelligence, determined the three-step strategic goal for the development of a new generation of artificial intelligence, and raised the development of artificial intelligence to the national strategic level.
In 2020, the state will vigorously promote the construction of new infrastructure such as 5g network, artificial intelligence and data center, and jointly issue the national guide for the construction of a new generation of artificial intelligence standard system, so as to strengthen the standardized top-level design in the field of artificial intelligence, promote the research and development of artificial intelligence technology and the formulation of standards, and promote the healthy and sustainable development of the industry.
At the same time, the cultivation of high-level talents in the field of artificial intelligence in China has also been paid attention to, which is mainly cultivated by colleges and universities through the establishment of AI colleges and AI majors. Relevant data show that at present, more than 200 colleges and universities in China have set up "artificial intelligence" undergraduate majors.
The industrial scale has expanded sharply
IDC, a research firm, estimates that the global AI market will be about US $156.5 billion in 2020, with a year-on-year increase of 12.3%. In the global AI spending guide, IDC predicts that global AI related spending will double in the next four years to $110 billion by 2024.
According to the calculation of the data research center of China Academy of information and communications, the scale of China's artificial intelligence industry in 2020 was 303.1 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 15.1%, accounting for nearly 30% of the global market.
According to the global AI strategy and policy observation released by the Chinese Academy of information and communications, from the perspective of industrial ecology, the foundation of the AI industry is becoming more and more solid. Applications and products based on machine learning, in-depth learning, voice, natural language processing and visual technology have been gradually implemented, interactive products such as intelligent speakers, intelligent customer service and intelligent vehicle systems have been continuously upgraded, and the application landing scenes of vertical industries such as security, finance, medical and health, education, agriculture and smart home have been increasingly enriched.
According to the Research Report on China's AI industry in 2020 released by AI media consulting, under the epidemic environment, the rapid growth of China's AI business in 2020 is mainly contributed by the Al open platform API. By 2025, the scale of China's artificial intelligence industry is expected to exceed 450 billion yuan. 30% to 45% of the market is occupied by artificial intelligence start-ups. Internet companies, cloud service companies, big data companies, information technology service companies, communication equipment companies and individual scientific research institutes from the switching of peripheral tracks will share the rest of the market.
AI media consulting said that China is the world's largest AI application market. AI technology has been rapidly implemented and has been widely used in many industries and scenarios. The application market has great potential. It will be more deeply applied in existing industries and touch more industry scenarios in the future.
From perception to cognition
The Chinese Academy of communications and communications believes that a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial reform with artificial intelligence as an important driving force are reconstructing the innovation landscape and bringing development opportunities for scientific and technological innovation.
According to the artificial intelligence development report 2011-2020 of Tsinghua University, artificial intelligence has basically achieved perceptual ability in the past decade after several waves, but it can not achieve cognitive abilities such as reasoning and interpretation. When the next wave of artificial intelligence rises, it will mainly realize artificial intelligence with reasoning, interpretability and cognitive ability.
The report believes that the key development directions of artificial intelligence in the next decade may include reinforcement learning, neuromorphological hardware, knowledge map